|Grains are divided into 2 subgroups, Whole Grains and Refined Grains. Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel. Refined grains have been milled, a process that removes the bran and germ. This is done to give grains a finer texture and improve their shelf life, but it also removes dietary fiber, iron, and many B vitamins.
Examples of refined grains are white flour, white bread, and white rice. Why is this important? Whole grains contain fiber which helps control blood sugar, lower LDL or “bad” cholesterol, and reduce colon cancer risk.
No one food – even whole grains – will guarantee good health. Plain grains — from brown rice and oatmeal ––to whole grain pasta should be a regular feature on your table, while having processed grains less often. This monthly food tip is from the Warm Springs Diabetes Program.